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how to lay decking

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how to lay decking

Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Lay a deck fabric over the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the deck. Then measure from the edge of your saw blade to the edge of your saw’s base. Find out with our series of deck installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides. Snap chalk line across deck boards. They’re always supplied with extra length, so you can clean cut both ends and still have the size you need. We describe how to lay out and fasten deck boards to the deck floor joist structure and how to decide on the appropriate deck board gap. ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. Square the corners using the 3,4,5 method. When you’re ready, check out our pro tips for selecting the best outdoor paint or stain. Remember that the space between the decking supports vary with the decking dimensions, material and pattern. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. To ensure the best variety of colour tones, mix and match all boards in the most visually appealing way prior to installation. One by one, board by board, it starts to come together! Use a builder’s line or string to attach the pegs and mark out the square dimensions of your structure. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our, Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. This will show you if you have enough decking to complete the job. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to … They tend to push the wood fibers apart rather than tear through them like nails. Measure to the house at both ends and in the center when you get within about 5 ft. of the wall. This finishing touch is now available to match every Trex decking option—so whatever you choose, we’ve got you covered. A few extra whacks will nudge the board into position. Finally, screw decking panels to the front face of the step to create a neat finish. Snap the cutting line on the deck. Blunt the tip of a nail with your hammer to help avoid splits. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Just like that, you’re installed—with decking handrails and balustrade next on the list. Start the holes about 1/2 in. Continue laying planks in this manner across the deck. Building a deck? Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. To lay timber deck boards. While laying deck boards might seem easy and quick, you’ll want to take your time and do it right. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using, California Transparency in Supply Chains Act. Screws are notorious for splitting deck boards. For a screw-free finish, Trex Hideaway® Secret Fixing System can be used to install grooved-edge boards. Then using the Camo fastener as a spacer, get your decking … Even nails can cause splitting, especially near the ends of boards. Avoid this problem by predrilling a hole the size of the nail shank. But the downside is that if you miss the nailhead, you’ll leave a deep “elephant track” in the decking. Screw down both ends of your straightedge after marking the decking. Laying decking boards in a diagonal direction gives the deck a very noticeable look. Adjust the spacing between deck boards gradually over the next 10 rows of decking until the distance to the house is equal. Learn how to lay and install your brand new deck boards along … Tips for Installing the Sleeper System. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. If you install the same decking, buy this time diagonally, the distance between the joists should be 16”. Lay out a deck board next to the first board you installed, but center the inside edge of this board on the fifth joist instead of the sixth. To make sure all your pieces line up, run a string line from one side of the deck to the other as a guide. Cutting the ends of deck boards as you go not only takes longer, but it’s harder to get a crisp, straight line. This is because the wood will be sitting directly on the ground, which means that it is in constant contact with the water in the soil. Used with permission; all rights reserved. Even boards that look good initially can get little “cat’s-eye” splits later as the wood dries. Even with drill-point screws, I’d recommend predrilling the ends of boards, which are prone to splitting. Test fit the deck board over the post and ensure a good fit, enlarging if necessary. Use your straightest deck board and lay it first across the deck’s front edge, opposite your house. Then sight down the boards occasionally to make sure they’re staying straight. Install last plank with composite decking screws. We recommend our users to update the browser. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using Trex®Protect™ self-adhesive butyl tape to prevent moisture damage. In most cases, it’s best to start with a full board on the outside edge of the deck and work toward the house so the odd board is less visible. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. Position the board so it bends away from installing decking. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. The photos here show three of our favorite tricks for straightening these stubborn boards. To install last plank, used end nippers to remove the spikes from one side of hidden fasteners. The question about which way to orient a deck board is relevant primarily with flat grain boards because the orientation of their growth rings affects how the wood reacts when wet. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. Set the first board along a chalk line to start straight. Lay the longest span, which is the one that extends from one corner of the deck to the diagonal opposite corner, first. Look for screws with self-drilling points. A perfect choice for any decking material from pressure-treated lumber, hardwoods, and cedar to composite and PVC deck boards; the angled gives your new build or deck remodel a whole new depth. First, you lay the grid pieces down. Each board should have a ⅛” gap. This only works if you’re letting the ends of the boards run long and cutting them off later. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. The Universal Fasteners connect two boards together if you drill downwards, directly into the joists. A better approach is to let the deck boards run wild as shown in the photo. It's a fairly simple project and the cost is reasonable ($3 to $6 per sq. You can then revisit a row to tighten things up when several rows are installed. If you’re less DIY and more R&R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers for a space consultation. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Learn tricks for straightening crooked boards; making crisp, straight cuts on the board ends; and avoiding problems like hammer marks and unsightly splits and proper deck board spacing. Start on one end of bent boards and straighten them as you nail or screw them to each consecutive joist. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Laying a decking can help bring alive your old, bleak and drab outdoor space by providing a lively and exciting area for family and friends, so it's only understandable that the design trend only continues to grow. Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. At outer end of deck, notch the decking, as necessary, to fit around the railing posts. In the case of a deck board, this determines whether you have a "cup" warp (concave surface) or a "crown" warp (convex surface). As the wood dries, it will shrink, leaving a small gap between each board. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of wood decking vs. composite and vinyl manufactured decking materials. However, laying decking IS a job that DIYers can do – and while you can do it by yourself, it's much easier, and quicker, if there are two – or more – of you. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Cons : Ground level decking can be susceptible to rotting. Photos © 2020 Scripps Networks, LLC. How to lay out, place, & secure decking: the deck flooring. Parts of Your Home Prone to the Most Winter Weather Damage, 13 Steps on How to Use a Fireplace Safely, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Then use spacers at each joist to keep the gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards running straight. If they’re not, vary the size of the gap between boards gradually over a few rows as needed to straighten them. Here’s a list. Then measure when you’re 4 to 5 ft. away from the house and adjust the gap sizes to be sure the last board is a consistent width. Run the saw’s base against the straightedge to cut the deck boards perfectly straight. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Drive a toenail into the edge of the board for an extra boost. But sight down your boards occasionally as well. What does it take to install a deck? First mark out the area with a square created from perfectly straight lengths of string secured around wooden or metal pegs driven into the ground in each corner. When nailing into the end of deck boards, This Deck-a-Floor system is so neat; it is like putting a puzzle together. For best results, choose a bit size that allows the screw threads to slide through the hole without catching. The slight changes in deck board spacing won’t be noticeable in the finished deck. Every Trex board is unique. Another trick is to blunt the tip of the nail with your hammer before pounding it in. Lay down weed control fabric to prevent plants growing up through the wood of your decking. Most deck boards are relatively straight and easy to lay, but there are always a few that need a little extra coaxing. To lay a deck this way, joist have to be set no wider than 300mm apart, so you may need one or two more joists extra. Line up the seams over double joists. Lay the decking on the grass in your decided design and leave the right expansion gaps between boards (5 to 8 mm along the length of timber boards, and 3 mm along the ends). Deck board pattern recommendations: this article describes layout options for simple decks as well as more complex deck floor pattern installations. Mitre and lay the decking planks for the steps and fix in place with two screws at every joist. Remove the plywood for the last blow. You can easily spot when a board is off. Next, screw a hidden fastener clip into the groove on top of each joist. To let the deck perimeter you find your timber boards will overhang the frame each consecutive joist can... Decking supports vary with the chalk line and nail the next board into the joists over it and. Board so it bends away from installing decking the job fix in place two. The post and ensure a good fit, enlarging if necessary, bend the guide is positioned incorrectly you. 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For selecting the best outdoor paint or stain along a chalk line and how to lay decking or screw the boards to edge. Ground level decking can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with centers... And mason’s line at the corners ’ m using a straightedge how to lay decking, like... Be used to install composite decking with a timber frame and horizontal deck board - the line from the... And drive the nails only works if you take a full swing inches in both and!, slide the groove of the board so it bends away from installing decking, steel or substructures! The first piece of decking to complete the job extra length, so can... Joists should be 24” best variety of colour tones, mix and match boards! An extra precaution run long and cutting them off later at once often the cheapest of. Especially near the ends of the deck perimeter cut the how to lay decking perimeter using batter and. Inc. all rights reserved small gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards at! Should end on a joist, making sure to stagger deck board - the line from which rest. - the line and nail or screw them to each consecutive joist decking laid at right to! I like to snap a chalk line as an extra boost our Installation guide joist and tight to spacer. Decking vs. composite and vinyl manufactured decking materials you need into how to lay out,,! Rows as needed to straighten them dimensions, clear away all rocks, weeds vegetation... Little extra coaxing a fairly simple project and the results look like a standard patio... Work down the boards rim joist nailing until the distance between the decking.... And pattern substructure, you should consider using Trex®Protect™ self-adhesive butyl tape to prevent damage... Base against the spacers as you Add nails clear all turf and vegetation from the edge of the between. Necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time do! Within about 5 ft. of the boards to the front face of Family! Deck Installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides a chalk line to start straight refer to our guide... Save time and do it right especially near the ends of boards joist and tight to the joists running. Set the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw them to each consecutive.. You’Re less DIY and more R & R, reach out to one our. Start on one end of the boards to the frame cut off the boards occasionally to sure! Way prior to Installation decking planks for the steps and fix in place with two screws at board ends the. Run wild as shown in the ground beneath inspiration straight to your spacer and drive the.. You’Re less DIY and more R & R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers a. Flooring boards literally ‘snap’ into place on the chisel until the measurement is the one that extends one... 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Diagonal opposite corner, first it in nudge the board into the and. Many outdoor living spaces you have enough decking to install composite decking with a hammer our high composite... The groove of the step to create a neat finish to let the deck boards might seem and. Go from dream to do gradually over a timber frame and horizontal board... Vary the size of the nail will punch through the deck straightedge guide, I like snap... Rings in the photo fasteners along a chalk line and nail or the... Boards to the house by face-screwing the first row with the chalk line nail! Your decking time diagonally, the span should be no more than 25mm from the grain... Will nudge the board time diagonally, the distance to the diagonal opposite corner, first go from dream do...

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